Outreach is central to Sustainable Canada Dialogues. Apart from the use of traditional and social media, we are engaging outside of our universities in two ways: sharing the knowledge synthesized by experts; and becoming an actor in the important debate on Canada's future development.

Full list of SCD publications available here.

Full list of SCD media coverage available here.

Quick Access to Subsections

1) Open Letters to Decision-Makers 

2) *NEW* A Closer Look: Documents used to build Re-Energizing Canada: Pathways to a Low-Carbon Future 

3) 2016 Federal Progress Report

4) e-Dialogues: The Climate Imperative Series

5) Alternatives Journal: Canada's Map to Sustainability

6) Federal Elections Campaign Political Platform Assessment 

7) Visioning Sessions

8) Other Climate Action Plans 

  • Sustainable Canada Dialogues scholars submitted a response to the 2016-2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy.

           Read the Response to the 2016-2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy

  • Sustainable Canada Dialogues scholars in Quebec submitted a brief to the Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement about the Energy East Project. The scholars oppose the project due to the major risks to the environment, health and sustainable development it represents in the context of climate change.

           Read the Energy East Project Brief submitted to Quebec's BAPE

  • Sustainable Canada Dialogues scholars wrote an open letter to the Right Honourable Justin Trudeau, the Premiers of the Provinces, Indigenous Leaders and the People of Canada, in advance of the First Ministers' Meeting to discuss a climate action plan on March 3, 2016. The scholars call for a plan that limits investment in pipelines and oil extraction and invests instead in clean technologies.

           Read the Letter to Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau, Premiers, Indigenous Leaders and People of Canada

  • Sustainable Canada Dialogues scholars penned an open letter to the Right Honourable Justin Trudeau, with recommendations for Canada's way forward to the Paris 2015 Climate Conference.
         Read the Letter to Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau 
  • The scholars also wrote to the Premiers in advance of the Premiers' Summit on Climate Change in Quebec in April 2015. 
         Read the Letter to the Premiers 
  • In April 2015, the Ontario-based scholars also wrote to Premier Kathleen Wynne of Ontario, in response to the province's introduction of carbon pricing. 
         Read the Letter to Premier Wynne 
  • Expanding on the conclusions coming out of a workshop initiated by Sustainable Canada Dialogues, scholars from New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Quebec and Ontario produced a white paper identifying key goals and priorities for action on energy from the perspective of Eastern Canada.

         Read the White Paper 

           "Opinion: The time is ripe for a common Eastern Canadian energy strategy" by Normand Mousseau

2) *NEW* A Closer Look: Documents we used to build Re-Energizing Canada: Pathways to a Low-Carbon Future 

In addition to the following documents, scholarly articles were also used in the production of Re-Energizing Canada. 

Low-Carbon Energy Pathway Modeling Studies

Deep Decarbonisation Pathways Canada Project 2015

Council of Canadian Academies 2015. Technology and Policy Options for a Low-Emission Energy System in Canada

Trottier Energy Futures Project 2016. Canada’s Challenge & Opportunity: Transformations for Major Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Energy & Materials Research Group 2016. Is win-win possible? Can Canada’s government achieve its Paris commitment... and get re-elected?

Environment and Climate Change Canada’s 2016.  Mid-Century Long-Term Low-Greenhouse Gas Development Strategy

Government Reports

Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change 2016

National Inventory Report 1990-2014: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada

Energy Markets Fact Book 2016–2017

Office of Energy Efficiency 2016. Energy Efficiency Trends in Canada 1990–2013

Canadian Energy Strategy 2015

Provincial Energy Plans 

Alberta Business Plan 2016–2019: Energy

The BC Energy Plan 2007

Manitoba’s Clean Energy Strategy 2012

The New Brunswick Energy Blueprint 2011

Newfoundland and Labrador Energy Plan 2007

Newfoundland and Labrador Energy Plan Progress Report 2015

Northwest Territories Energy Action Plan 2013

Nova Scotia’s Electricity Plan 2015–2040

IKUMMATIIT: The Government of Nunavut Energy Strategy 2007

Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan 2013

Prince Edward Island 2016 Provincial Energy Strategy Second Draft

Quebec: The 2030 Energy Policy

Energy Strategy For Yukon 2009


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2014 Summary for Policymakers

International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook 2016

International Energy Agency 2015. Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Canada 

National Roundtable on the Environment and Economy 2011. Paying the price: The economic impacts of climate change in Canada

Bataille, C. 2016. Review of Canadian Deep GHG Emission Reduction Studies: Some Near-Term Lessons for Stakeholders and Policy Makers


Canada Energy Systems Analysis Research 

(S&T)2 Consultants Inc. (2009). An examination of the potential for improving carbon/energy balance of bioethanol. Report T39-TR1 to IEA Bioenergy Task 39.

Abbasi, T., and Abbasi, S.A. (2011). Small hydro and the environmental implications of its extensive utilization. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(4), 2134–2143.

Adams, T. A., and Barton, P. I. (2010). High-efficiency power production from natural gas with carbon capture. Journal of Power Sources, 195(7), 1971–1983.

Ahmed, S. et al. (2015). New technology integration approach for energy planning with carbon emission considerations. Energy Conversion and Management, 95, 170–180.

Akbari, H. (2005). Energy Saving Potentials and Air Quality Benefits of Urban Heat Island Mitigation. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

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Alexander, C., and DePratto, B. (2014). The Value of Urban Forests in Cities Across Canada. Special Report. TD Economics.

Algieri, B. (2014). The influence of biofuels, economic and financial factors on daily returns of commodity futures prices. Energy Policy, 69, 227–247.

Allen, M.R. et al. (2009). Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne. Nature, 458(7242), 1163–1166.

Analytica Advisors. (2016). 2015 Canadian Clean Technology Industry Report. Ottawa, p. 55.

Ansell, C., and Gash, A. (2008). Collaborative governance in theory and practice. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18(4), 543–571.

Apostol, D. et al., eds. (2016). The Renewable Energy Landscape: Preserving Scenic Values in our Sustainable Future. London, New York: Routledge.

Arabella Advisors. (2016). The global fossil fuel divestment and clean energy investment movement.

Aragón-Correa, J.A. et al. (2008). Environmental strategy and performance in small firms: A resource-based perspective. Journal of Environmental Management, 86(1), 88–103.

Architecture 2030. (2014). Roadmap to Zero Emissions. Submission to the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action.

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Avelino, F., and Wittmayer, J.M. (2016). Shifting power relations in sustainability transitions: a multi-actor perspective. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 18(5), 628–649.

Azar, C., and Sandén, B.A. (2011). The elusive quest for technology-neutral policies. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 1(1), 135–139.

Bak, C. (2016). Growth, Innovation and COP21. Centre for International Governance Innovation, Waterloo.

Bak, C. (2017). Generating growth from innovation for the low-carbon economy: Exploring Safeguards in Finance and Regulation. CIGI Papers No. 117. Waterloo: Centre for International Governance Innovation.

Balint, P.J. (2006). Improving Community-Based Conservation near Protected Areas: The Importance of Development Variables. Environmental Management, 38(1), 137–148.

Barbose, G., and Darghouth, N. (2016). Tracking the Sun IX: The installed prices of residential and non-residential photovoltaic systems in the United States. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Barrington-Leigh, C., and Ouliaris, M. (2016). The renewable energy landscape in Canada: A spatial analysis. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. In Press.

Bashmakov, I. (2009). Resource of energy efficiency in Russia: scale, costs, and benefits. Energy Efficiency, 2(4), 369.

Bataille, C. et al. (2007). How malleable are the greenhouse gas emission intensities of the G7 nations? The Energy Journal, 28(1), 145–169.

Beale, E. et al. (2015). Provincial Carbon Pricing and Competitiveness Pressures: Guidelines for Business and Policymakers. Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission.

Bekk, M. et al. (2016). Greening the competitive advantage: antecedents and consequences of green brand equity. Quality & Quantity, 50(4), 1727–1746.

Bernard, A.L., Fischer, C., and Fox, A.K. (2007). Is there a rationale for output-based rebating of environmental levies? Resource and Energy Economics, 29(2), 83–101.

Binder, M., Janicke, M., and Petschow, U., eds. (2013). Green Industrial Restructuring: International Case Studies and Theoretical Implications. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Bollinger, B., and Gillingham, K. (2012). Peer effects in the diffusion of solar photovoltaic panels. Marketing Science, 31(6), 900–912.

Bouchard-Bouliane, E. (2015). The Role of Workers in the Transition to a Low-carbon Economy. Pages 65–68 in D. Sharma and C. Potvin, eds. Acting on Climate Change: Extending the Dialogue Among Canadians. Montreal: Sustainable Canada Dialogues.

Brandt, A.R. et al. (2014). Methane leaks from North American natural gas systems. Science, 343(6172), 733–735.

Browne, T.C. (2011). An Economic Analysis of Energy, Fuels and Chemicals from Forest Biomass. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 45(7–8), 455–460.

Bruckner, T. et al. (2014). Energy Systems. Chapter 7 in O. Edenhofer et al., Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 558.

Bruvoll, A., and Larsen, B.M. (2004). Greenhouse gas emissions in Norway: do carbon taxes work? Energy Policy, 32(4), 493–505.

Bulkeley, H., and Betsill, M.M. (2005). Rethinking sustainable cities: multilevel governance and the 'urban' politics of climate change. Environmental Politics, 14(1), 42–63.

Burch, S. et al. (2014). Triggering transformative change: A development path approach to climate change response in communities. Climate Policy, 14(4), 467–487.

Cadez, S., and Czerny, A. (2016). Climate change mitigation strategies in carbon-intensive firms. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112(5), 4132–4143.

Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers. (2016). Statistical Handbook for Canada’s Upstream Petroleum Industry. Table 4.2b.

Canton, M., and Lucotte, M. (2015). Hydropower: Energy Production Par Excellence in Canada, But Not Quite Green. Pages 117–123 in D. Sharma and C. Potvin, Acting on Climate Change: Extending the Dialogue Among Canadians. Montreal: Sustainable Canada Dialogues.

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Cumming, D., Henriques, I., and Sadorsky, P. (2016). ‘Cleantech’ venture capital around the world. International Review of Financial Analysis, 44, 86–97.

Dale, A. (2008). Governance for sustainable development: As if it mattered? Pages 54-71 in Innovation, Science and Environment 2009-2010. Special Edition - Charting Sustainable Development in Canada 1987-2007. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Dale, A. (2015). Prioritizing Policy. Protecting nature by ensuring that the law is for the land. Alternatives Journal, 41(1), 77–80.

Dale, A. (2001). At the Edge: Sustainable development in the 21st Century. Vancouver: UBC Press

Dale, A., and Newman, L. (2006). An online synchronous e-Dialogue Series on nuclear waste management in Canada. Applied Environmental Education and Communications, 5, 243–251.

Dale, A., Burch, S., and Robinson, J. Forthcoming. Multi-level governance of sustainability transitions in Canada: Policy alignment, innovation and evaluation. In S. Hughes, E. Chu and S. Mason, Climate Change in Cities: Innovations in Multi-Level Governance. Springer.

Delgado-Gomes, V., Oliveira-Lima, J.A., and Martins, J.F. (2017). Energy consumption awareness in manufacturing and production systems. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 30(1), 84–95.

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Durufle, G., and Carbonneau, L. (2016). Forging a Cleaner and More Innovative Economy in Canada: The challenges of the financing chain to foster innovation and growth in the cleantech sector. Cycle Capital Management, Sustainable Development Technology Canada, Ecotech Québec.

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Environment and Climate Change Canada. (2016). Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators: Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Gatineau: Canada.

Etzion, D. et al. (2017). Unleashing sustainability transformations through robust action. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140, 167–178.

Etzion, D., Mantere, S., and Mintzberg, H. Worldly Strategy for the Global Climate. Draft.

Fagerberg, J. (2005). Innovation:  A Guide to the literature. Chapter 1 in J. Fagerberg, D.C. Mowery, and R.R. Nelson, The Oxford Handbook of Innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Finkbeiner, M. (2014). Indirect land use change - help beyond the hype? Biomass & Bioenergy, 62, 218–221.

Fisher, C., and Newell, R.G. (2008). Environmental and technology policies for climate mitigation. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 55(2), 142–162.

Foxon, T. (2013). Transition pathways to a low carbon electricity future. Energy Policy, 52, 10–24.

Foxon, T., and Pearson, P. (2008). Overcoming barriers to innovation and diffusion of cleaner technologies: some features of a sustainable innovation policy regime. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(1), S148–S161.

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Garrett-Peltier, H. (2017). Green versus brown: Comparing the employment impacts of energy

Gates, I.D., and Larter, S. (2014). Energy efficiency and emissions intensity of SAGD. Fuel, 115, 706–713.

GE Energy Consulting. (2016). Pan-Canadian Wind Integration Study: Final Report.

Geels, F. (2005). Technological transitions and system innovations: a co-evolutionary and socio-technical analysis. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Gignac, R., and Matthews, H.D. (2015). Allocating a 2°C cumulative carbon budget to countries. Environmental Research Letters, 10(7), 075004.

Gilmour, B., and Warren, J. (2008). The New District Energy: Building Blocks for Sustainable Community Development: On-Line Handbook. Canadian Urban Institute.

Gold, S., and Seuring, S. (2011). Supply chain and logistics issues of bio-energy production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(1), 32–42.

Gordon, D. et al. (2015). Know Your Oil: Creating a Global Oil Climate Index. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Gore, C.D. (2010). The limits and opportunities of networks: Municipalities and Canadian climate change policy. Review of Policy Research, 27(1), 27–46.
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Gouldson, A. et al. (2015). Accelerating Low-Carbon Development in the World’s Cities: Working Paper. The New Climate Economy.

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Greenwood, D. (2012). The challenge of policy coordination for sustainable sociotechnical transitions: the case of the zero-carbon homes agenda in England. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 30(1), 162–179.

Griffin, P.A. et al. (2015). Science and the stock market: Investors' recognition of unburnable carbon. Energy Economics, 52(A), 1–12.

Grubler, A. (2012). Energy transitions research: Insights and cautionary tales. Energy Policy, 50, 8–16.

Gulden, R.H., and Entz, M.H. (2005). A comparison of two Manitoba farms with contrasting tillage systems. University of Manitoba.

Hacatoglu, K., McLellan, P.J., and Layzell, D.B. (2010). Production of bio-synthetic natural gas in Canada. Environmental Science & Technology, 44(6), 2183–2188.

Haley, B. (2017). Designing the public sector to promote sustainability transitions: Institutional principles and a case study of ARPA-E. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, in press.

Haley, B. et al. (2016). Accelerating Clean Innovation in Canada’s Energy and Natural Resource Sectors–The Role of Public Policy and Institutions. A Report to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council for Knowledge Synthesis Grant May 13th, 2016.

Harrison, K. (2012). A tale of two taxes: The fate of environmental tax reform in Canada. Review of Policy Research, 29(3), 383–407.

Hasaneen, R., Elsayed, N.A., and Barrufet, M.A. (2014). Analysis of the technical, microeconomic, and political impact of a carbon tax on carbon dioxide sequestration resulting from liquefied natural gas production. Clean Technologies Environ Policy, 16(8), 1597–1613.

Hay, G.J. et al. (2011). Geospatial Technologies to Improve Urban Energy Efficiency. Remote Sensing, 3(7), 1380–1405.

Head, I.M., Gray, N.D., and Larter, S. (2014). Life in the slow lane; biogeochemistry of biodegraded petroleum containing reservoirs and implications for energy recovery and carbon management. Frontiers in Microbiology, 5, 566.

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Hildebrand, L. (2016). Workers’ Climate Plan Report: A Blueprint for Sustainable Jobs and Energy. Iron and Earth, and Energy Futures Lab.

Hill, R. et al. (2015). Application of molten carbonate fuel cell for CO 2 capture in thermal in situ oil sands facilities. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 41, 276–284.

Hinrichs-Rahlwes, R. (2015). Energiewende made in Germany. German Renewable Energy Federation Presentation. Berlin.

Ho, M.K.M., Yeoh, G.H., and Braoudakis, G. (2013). Molten salt reactors. Chapter in A. M.ndez-Vilas, ed., Materials and processes for energy: communicating current research and technological developments. Formatex Research Centre.

Hoberg, G. (2016). Pipelines and the Politics of Structure: A Case Study of the Trans Mountain Pipeline. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association. Calgary.

Howarth, R.W. (2015). Methane emissions and climatic warming risk from hydraulic fracturing and shale gas development: implications for policy. Energy and Emissions Control Technologies, 3, 45–54.


















































Huang, H., Pang, K., and Tang, Y. (2014). Effects of Exchange Rates on Employment in Canada. Canadian Public Policy, 40(4), 339–352.

Hughes, L., and Urpelainen, J. (2015). Interests, institutions, and climate policy: Explaining the choice of policy instruments for the energy sector. Environmental Science and Policy, 54, 52–63.

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Meadowcroft, J. (2011). Engaging with the politics of sustainability transitions. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 1(1), 70–75.

Meadowcroft, J. (2016). Let's Get This Transition Moving! Canadian Public Policy, 42(s1), S10–S17.

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Meloche, F. (2015). Investing to Facilitate Transition to a Low-carbon Society. Pages 27–31 in D. Sharma and C. Potvin, Acting on Climate Change: Extending the Dialogue Among Canadians. Montreal: Sustainable Canada Dialogues.

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Metcalf, G., and Weisbach, D. (2009). The Design of a Carbon Tax. Harvard Environmental Law Review, 33, 499–556.

Miller, D., Evans, S., and Sharifi, F. (2015). Transitioning to a Renewable Energy Economy That Respects Nature and Supports Community Well-being. Pages 124–129 in D. Sharma and C. Potvin, Acting on Climate Change: Extending the Dialogue Among Canadians. Montreal: Sustainable Canada Dialogues.

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Morency, C., Verreault, H., and Demers, M. (2015). Identification of the minimum size of the shared-car fleet required to satisfy car-driving trips in Montreal. Transportation, 42(3), 435–447.

Morozov, A. et al. (2014). Design and optimization of a drivetrain with two-speed transmission for electric delivery step van. IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference.

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Sustainable Canada Dialogues produced a progress report on Canada’s climate actions over 2016. The scholars analysed climate decisions made in Ottawa in 2016 in relation to the 10 policy orientations that they proposed in our position paper, Acting on Climate Change: Solutions from Canadian Scholars. Learn more here


The Climate Imperative e-Dialogues series brings together Sustainable Canada Dialogues scholars to delve deeper into the solutions for moving toward a low-carbon economy. We have tackled four critical questions; read the full transcripts of our scholars' e-Dialogues below: 

Canada Votes, Oct 30th  

Canadian Voices, June 9th 

The Provincial Context, May 26th 

The Art of the Possible, May 19th  


Published March 2015

"Canada is on the cusp of embracing and implementing sustainability, and this issue is our map to getting there. In the most important issue that A\J has published in our 44-year history, we team up with leading Canadian scholars to chart our country’s path toward a sustainable future. This special issue of A\J is a collaboration with Sustainable Canada Dialogues/Dialogues pour un Canada vert (SCD), a group of over 60 scholars who have identified sustainable solutions in each of their specialized fields." 

Canada's Map to Sustainability  

Alternatives Journal Cover  


Sustainable Canada Dialogues examined each of the party platforms from the point of view of the 10 key policy orientations we proposed last spring in our consensus paper, Acting on Climate Change: Solutions from Canadian Scholars.

This analysis is a “snapshot in time.” It is based solely on information publically available on each of the official party websites, including news and backgrounders, up to October 5th, 2015. It shows which of our climate policy orientations or actions have already caught the parties' attention and identify others still needing advocacy. We acknowledge that parties may present valuable measures that fell outside the scope of this exercise.

Click the links below to view the assessment, and its associated op-ed and background sources. 

Platform assessment


Background sources

Liberal Party Response and Further Readings Supplied  
The NDP released its full platform on October 11th. It may contain additional information on climate change. 


Through the use of visioning techniques, SCD encourages discourse with a wide range of stakeholders in Canada, helping them to articulate their hopes for the future, and to verify that our proposed solutions to sustainability coincide with the desires of Canadians. We conducted daylong visioning sessions with stakeholders in Canmore (Alberta), Goose Bay (Labrador), Kamloops (BC), Montreal (QC) and Prince George (BC) between May and November 2014.


Read the provincial and other national Climate Action Plans

M L Guay

Artist Marie-Louise Gay created this piece of artwork for the Sustainable Canada Dialogues to illustrate the future within our reach if we act on climate change.